Alexander of Neckham (or Necha
The garden should be adorned with roses and lilies, the turnsole, violets, and mandrake there you should have parsley, cost, fennel, southernwood, coriander, sage, savory, hyssop, mint, rue, dittany, smallage, pellitory, lettuces, gardencress, and peonies. There should also be beds planted with onions, leeks, garlic, pumpkins and shallots. The cucumber growing in its lap, the drowsy poppy, the daffodil and brankursine ennoble a garden. Nor are there wanting, if occasion further thee, pottageherbs beets, herbmercury, orache, sorrel and mallows, anise, mustard, white pepper and wormwood do good service to the gardener.