Andy Warhol was a pioneer of looking at society as this machine. Warhol looked, in a good and bad way, at the power of media and celebrity images. He looked at violence, and he looked at fame. He looked at consumerism. He was looking at reality like a film, and editing it. His art is more about the idea than the execution of it.
He was extremely talented, but in a different way. His images are very vivid. He used empty space in an extremely artistic way. He was not so much looking at the history of art. He looked at the images of movies and advertising. He was not looking backwards, but he was always looking at the present in a way nobody had done before.